Nature or Nurture

SunnyLv 0May 14

How our personalities and behaviors are formed? There are two approaches: nature or nurture. For "nature", our personalities and behaviors are determined by biological and genetic factors. That our environment has little to do with our abilities, characteristics, and behavior. For "nurture" theory, our environment is more important than our biological instinct in determining how we will act. “Nature” or “nurture” can not fully explain human behavior. In fact, the key is our behavior lies somewhere between these two extremes.

Vocabularies

personality
/ˌpərsəˈnælədi/
tính cách

the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual's distinctive character

extreme
/ɪkˈstrim/
thái cực

reaching a high or the highest degree; very great

behavior
/bəˈheɪvjər/
hành vi

the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially toward others

approach
/əˈproʊtʃ/
cách tiếp cận

come near or nearer to (someone or something) in distance or time

biological
/ˌbaɪəˈlɑdʒək(ə)l/
thuộc về đặc tính sinh học

relating to biology or living organisms.

genetic
/dʒəˈnɛdɪk/
thuộc về đặc tính di truyền

relating to genes or heredity

characteristic
/ˌkɛr(ə)ktəˈrɪstɪk/
đặc tính

typical of a particular person, place, or thing

nature
/ˈneɪtʃər/
thuận tự nhiên

the phenomena of the physical world collectively, including plants, animals, the landscape, and other features and products of the earth, as opposed to humans or human creations

instinct
/ˈɪnstɪŋ(k)t/
bản năng

an innate, typically fixed pattern of behavior in animals in response to certain stimuli

determine
/dəˈtərmən/
xác định

cause (something) to occur in a particular way; be the decisive factor in

nurture
/ˈnərtʃər/
sự nuôi dưỡng

care for and encourage the growth or development of

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